Skills for employability: Identification of the Soft Skills required in engineering education
In a context of increased competition on the job market, soft skills have become as important as the technical skills for employability of Moroccan engineers. Reactive and innovative engineering schools orient their learning process towards the job market requirements. This study aims at examining the soft skills required by accreditation bodies in some developing countries, namely ABET (The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology), ENAEE (European Network for Accreditation of Engineering Education), ABEEK (Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea), JABEE (The Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education) et EA (Engineers Australia). These skills are subsequently correlated with the Syllabus of the CDIO initiative founded by MIT (the Massachusetts Institute of Technology) In the United States. This syllabus represents a model of engineering program. It has been developed in collaboration with the industry, the government and the university community. In this study we highlight a set of soft skills which we compared with those developed in Moroccan engineering education programs in order to detect their shortcomings and key success factors.
 A. HAYAR, K. LAABOUDI, M. LAKHLIFI, C. MORENO, E. PRADEL-Lepage, A.VEYRET, Le Livre Blancde la ville intelligenteau Maroc, 2013
 CHAIBATE H., Ajana S., Ben Souda S.,Bakkali S., Faraj K., La formation d’ingénieurs au Maroc : Développement des compétences transversales «soft-skills» exigées par le marché de l’emploi. Communication présentée au Colloque International sur la performance des organisations, ENCG El Jadida – Maroc, 2016
 Khan, M. I., Mourad, S. M., &Zahid, W. M., Developing and qualifying Civil Engineering Programs for ABET accreditation. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 28(1), 1-11, 2016
 Duarte, M., & Costa, A., Meaning and benefits of the EUR-ACE label: Portuguese higher education institutions. In Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL), 2015 International Conference on (pp. 1013-1017). IEEE, 2015
 Engineers Australia professional site, URL: http://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/about-us/program-accreditation#AP2
 The EUR-ACE (EURopeanACcredited Engineer) (date de consultation 20 Avril 2016). « EUR-ACE® Framework Standards and Guidelines (Edition 31st March 2015) ». [PDF].URL :http://enaee.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/EUR-ACE-Framework-Standards-and-Guidelines-Mar-2015.pdf.
 ABEEK (Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea), URL: http://www.abeek.or.kr/abeek/history .
 Jin, Y., Ahn, K., & Choi, B.,An use of course-embedded assessment for assessing program outcomes. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (Vol. 1), 2010
 Duarte, M., Leite, C., &Mouraz, A.,The effect of curricular activities on learner autonomy: the perspective of undergraduate mechanical engineering students. European Journal of Engineering Education, 41(1), 91-104, 2016
 Nair, C. S., Patil, A., &Mertova, P., Re-engineering graduate skills–a case study.European Journal of Engineering Education, 34(2), 131-139, 2009
 Engineering Accreditation Commission( Effective for Reviews During the 2015-2016 Accreditation Cycle), Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. Criteria for Accrediting Engineering Programs, 2014
 Patil, A., &Codner, G., Accreditation of engineering education: review, observations and proposal for global accreditation. European journal of engineering education, 32(6), 639-651, 2007
 ABEEK, KEC2005 engineering criteria documentation, ABEEK-2006-AB-021, 2006
 Engineers Australia, stage 1 competency standard for professional engineer (Version 3: 21 June 2013)URL :http://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/sites/default/files/shado/Education/Program%20Accreditation/150903_stage_1_pe_2013_approved.pdf
 Edward F. Crawley, Johan Malmqvist, SörenÖstlund, Doris R. Brodeur and Kristina Edström, Rethinking engineering education: the CDIO approach (second edition): Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2014
 Référentiel générique d’acquis de l’apprentissage CDIO adapté à Télécom BretagneTraduction Télécom Bretagne "CDIO Syllabus v2.0, june 2011", 20/09/2013.
 BaiJianfeng*, Lei Hu, Yanfen Li, Zhen Tian, LiliXie, Lijun Wang, Mingyuan Zhou, Jie Guan, HuaqingXie, The progress of CDIO engineering education reform in several China universities: A review, ScienceDirect, 2013
 O.M. Zamyatina*, M.G. Minin, D.S. Denchuk, V.O. Sadchenko , Analysis of engineering invention competencies in standards and programmes of engineering universities, Sciencedirect, 2015
 LE BOTERF, G., Repenser la compétence pour dépasser les idées reçues: 15 propositions (éd. 2). Paris, Organisation, 2008
 Brochure du projet Tempus P@lmes cadre national marocain commun pour la certification des compétences transversales (2012/2015), site officiel : http://e-palmes.uca.ma/
 Vijayalakshmi, V., Soft Skills-The Need of the Hour for Professional Competence: A Review on Interpersonal Skills and Intrapersonal Skills Theories, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 11(4), 2859-2864, 2016
 Chou, W., Fast-tracking Your Career: Soft Skills for Engineering and IT Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Copyright © 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013
 Holland, D., & JIM CROMPTON, M. S., The Future Belongs to the Digital Engineer. Xlibris Corporation, 2013
 Cahier des Normes pédagogiques nationales du cycle ingénieur, Maroc, 2014http://www.umi.ac.ma/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/CNPN-Cycle-Ing%C3%A9nieur_-2014.pdf
 Ecoles d’ingénieurs au Maroc, Dossiers d’accréditation des filières d’ingénierie, 2014-2015 Casablanca Smart city cluster, e-Madina, http://www.e-madina.org/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.