Until the beginning of this year, each country boasted of its performance in the field of distance education. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the truth. Almost all countries have failed to make the transition from face-to-face to distance education. They all understood that they were not sufficiently prepared to take up this challenge, especially since it was for the most part a question of going from all-face to all-distance. A large-scale experiment that any experimenter knows very well that his probability of failure far exceeds his probability of success.
However, if this observation of global failure is widely shared by most researchers and experts, it is no less true that this full-scale experience has made it possible to reveal several good practices, and to bring out a lot of innovations, who may not have had the opportunity to make themselves known without the catastrophic spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.