Gender parity in Tunisia Critical analysis of state feminism of the last 50 years & prospects for relaunching the combat of parity

Main Article Content



In the Arab world, Tunisia is an exception in terms of the advancement of women and gender equality. Indeed, our country mixes in this very critical social field, a voluntarist policy that some describe as "state feminism" and this, since 1956, date of promulgation of the first Personal Status Code, very favorable to women and to gender parity (Deneuil, 2006). This policy is based on avant-garde legislation, renewed and corrected for 50 years in view of the evolution of Tunisian society (Credif, 2009), but also on encouraging the education of young girls, to the point that the girls' current university enrollment rate exceeds that of boys (62% of all students, in September 2016).

The accession of Tunisia - since the 1990s - to international conventions and the amendment of the Labor Code (1992) also contributed to the adoption (at least in the texts) of the principle of non-discrimination "Man / Woman In the world of work, for both the public and private sectors (Ben Hassine, 2007).

The creation of the Ministry of Women (1992) and a Center for Research and Information on Women, Crédif (1993), with an Observatory on the Status of Women, will provide Tunisia with official structures (therefore supported by the State), intended to ensure women a better participation in economic and social life, within the framework of parity (Ben Hassine, 2007).

Article Details

How to Cite
CHABCHOUB, A. (2018). Gender parity in Tunisia: Critical analysis of state feminism of the last 50 years & prospects for relaunching the combat of parity. The Journal of Quality in Education, 8(11), 11.


[1] Baudelot & Establet (2007). Quoi de neuf chez les filles ? Paris : Nathan.
[2] Ben Hassine, A (2007). Parcours de femmes-cadres dans l'administration tunisienne. Télescope. 32, 42-52.
[3] Bihr, A (2012). Hommes/femmes : quelles égalités. Paris : Editions de l'Atelier.
[4] Bodinier, B. Ed (2011). Genre et éducation. Actes du colloque international de l'Université de Rouen. Rouen : PUR
[5] Chabchoub, A (2000). Ecole et Modernité en Tunisie et dans les pays arabes. Paris : L'Harmattan.
[6] Chabchoub, A (2014). Bourguiba et moi, Tunis : MTL.
[7] Caspard, P (2009) A quoi tient la supériorité des filles ? Revue de l'histoire de l'éducation, 115, 81-148.
[8] CREDIF (2016). Tunisian women in Labor. Tunis : Crédif
[9] Deneuil, A (2006). Le féminisme d'Etat en Tunisie. Revue Tunisienne des Sciences Sociales. 124, 25-46.
[10] Duru-Bellat, M (2000). L'école des filles. Paris : L'Harmattan.
[11] Mahfoudh, D (2009). Participation des femmes tunisiennes à  la vie économique et publique. Rome : Imed
[12] Marguerite, H (2011). Genre et Education. Lyon : Inrp
[13] Mosconi, N (2012). Egalité des sexes en Education & en Formation. Paris : L'Harmattan.