Main Article Content
Quality assurance considers that ‘prevention is better than a cure’. Quality is a continuous improvement, where it does not come by chance or by accident and is achieved when every professor succeeds in igniting the minds of students. Nonetheless, across the European Union, there is a diverse picture of how European higher institutions promote quality in teaching and learning. The issue of quality in higher education has been given the attention in the academic and legislative environment starting with the Bologna process. Together with the Bologna process, the Lisbon strategy has led to the development and consolidation of universities, with a view to instating a quality culture. It is the aim of this paper to present the challenges in the European Higher Education area. Moreover, this paper identifies European standards and guidelines that European institutions should implement for the continuous enhancement of quality.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Askling, B. and Almen E. (1997). “From Participation to Competition: Changes in the Notion of Decentralisation in Swedish Higher Education Policy”. Tertiary Education and Management. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp.199-210.
Blackwell, A., Bowes, L., Harvey, L., Hesketh, A. and Knight, T. (2001). “Transforming work experience in Higher Education”. British Education Research Journal. Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 269 -285.
CEDEFOP. (2010). Skills supply and demand in Europe: Medium-term forecast up to 2020. [online]. Available at http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/Files/3052.en.pdf (Accessed 25 October 2015).
Dill, D. (2007). “Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Practices and issues”. The 3rd International Encyclopaedia of Education. June 2007.
European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education. (2012). Making the most of our potential: Consolidating the European Higher Education Area, EHEA Ministerial Conference, Bucharest. 26 – 27 April 2012. European Higher Education Area.
ENQA. (2009). Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area. European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, Helsinki, 2009, 3rd Edition.
European Commission. (2013). Modernisation of Higher Education: Report to the European Commission on Improving the quality of teaching and learning in Europe’s higher education institutions, June 2013, pp. 11-79.
European Commission/ EACEA/ Eurydice. (2014). Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Access, Retention and Employability 2014. Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Ewell, P.T. (2002). “A Dedicate Balance: the role of evaluation in management. Quality in Higher Education. Vol. 8, No. 2.
Garrouste, L., and Rodrigues, M. (2012). “Employability of young graduates in Europe”. International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 425–447.
Harvey, L. and Newton, J. (2004). “Transforming Quality Evaluation”. Quality in Higher Education. Vol.10, No.2.
Kettunen, J. (2007). Integration of strategic management and quality assurance, Proceedings of the Conference: 11th Annual Convention of the Strategic Management Forum, Indian Institute of Technology, India. 8 – 10 May, 2008, Indian Institute of Technology.
Lemaitre, M. (2009). Quality assurance for private higher education. World Conference on Higher Education, pp. 91 -109.
Mason, G., Williams, G. and Cranmer, S. (2009). “Employability skills initiatives in higher education: what effects do they have on graduate labour market outcomes?” Education Economics. Vol. 17, Issue 1, pp. 1-30.
Middlehurst, R. and Woodhouse, D. (1995). “Coherent Systems for External Quality Assurance. Quality in Higher Education. Vol.1, No. 3.
OECD (2009). Analytical framework for the contextual dimension for the AHELO feasibility study, OECD Conference, April 2009, Paris: Meeting of experts on the AHELO Contextual dimension.
Orphanides, A. (2012). “Challenges in European Higher Education”. Higher Learning Research Communications. Vol. 2, No. 2, pp.3-7.
Stensaker, B. (1999). “External Quality Auditing in Sweden: Are Departments affected?” Higher Education Quarterly. Vol. 53, No. 4.
Stensaker, B. (2003). “Trance, Transparency and Transformation: the impact of external quality monitoring on higher education”. Quality in Higher Education. Vol. 9, No. 2.
Szanto, T. (2008). Quality Assurance of Higher Education in Europe: A Brief Overview. International Seminar on Evaluation in Higher Education. 20-21 August, 2008.
Thune, C. (1996). “The Alliance of Accountability and Improvement: the Danish experience. Quality in Higher Education. Vol.2, No. 1.
Wilger, A. (1997). “Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Literature Review”. National Centre for Postsecondary Improvement 508 CERAS, School of Education, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-3084.
Yelland, R. and Valle R. (2008). “Towards an international assessment of higher education learning outcomes: the OECD – led AHELO initiative”, in Rankings and Accountability in Higher Education Uses and misuses. UNESCO Publishing.