Investigating Impact of Parental Motivations and Involvement within a Developing Country

Main Article Content

Michael Asamani POBBI

Abstract

This research investigated the effects of attitude and beliefs, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control on parents’ home-based and school-based involvement in child education. The paper reports quantitative findings from a cross-sectional survey based on a concurrent mixed design. Primary data was collected from five hundred and sixty (560) parents who were selected randomly from deprived and non-deprived districts across six regions of Ghana. The Cronbach α of reliability for attitude and belief, perceived behavioural control, subjective norm, home-based and school-based involvement exceeded the minimum threshold. Results from structural equation modelling analysis based on a bootstrapping technique reveal that the model of the study was confirmed, as the data showed equivalence to model assessment measures including CFI = 0.979, TLI = 0.975, GFI = 0.942, AGFI = 0.922, RMSEA = 0.049, χ2/df = 2.292. The finding of the study indicated that attitude and beliefs, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control of parents significantly impact home-based involvement, whiles perceived behavioural control and subjective norms of parents had significantly impact on school-based involvement.

Article Details

How to Cite
POBBI, M. A. . (2021). Investigating Impact of Parental Motivations and Involvement within a Developing Country. The Journal of Quality in Education, 11(18), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.37870/joqie.v11i18.265
Section
Papers

References

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.

Alghazo, Y. (2013). The theory of planned behavior and parental involvement: A theoretical framework for narrowing the achievement gaps. International Journal of Science and Research, 5(4), 570-572.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational

Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.

Avvisati, F., Besbas, B. and Guyon, N. (2010). Parental Involvement in

School: A Literature Review. Revue d'économie politique, 5(120),

– 778

Avvisati, F., Gurgand, M., Guyon, N., and Maurin, E. (2014). Getting parents involved: A field experiment in deprived schools. Review of Economic Studies, 81(1), 57–83.

Bagozzi, R. P., and Yi, Y. (1988). On the evaluation of structural equation models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science,16(1), 74–94.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of

behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.

Bandura, A., Adams, N. E., Hardy, A. B., and Howells, G. N. (1980).

Tests of the generality of self-efficacy theory. Cognitive Therapy

and Research, 4, 39-66.

Bracke, D., and Corts, D. (2012). Parental involvement and the theory of

planned behavior. Education, 133(1), 188-201

Byrne, B. M. (2013). Structural equation modeling with LISREL,

PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and

programming. Psychology Press.

Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. Modern Methods for Business Research, 295(2), 295–336.

Chin, W. W., Marcolin, B. L., and Newsted, P. R. (2003). A partial least squares latent variable modeling approach for measuring interaction effects: Results from a Monte Carlo simulation study and an electronic-mail emotion/adoption study. Information Systems Research, 14(2), 189 – 217.

Cho, S., and Han, S. (2004). Development of inventories for initial identification of gifted children. Seoul, Korea: Korean Educational Development Institute

Chowa, G. A., Masa, R. D., and Tucker, J. (2013). The effects of parental involvement on academic performance of Ghanaian youth: Testing measurement and relationships using structural equation modeling. Children and Youth Services Review, 35(12), 2020-2030.

Donkor, A. K. (2010). Parental involvement in education in Ghana: The case of a private elementary school. International Journal about Parents in Education, 4(1), 23-38.

Donkor, A. K., Issaka, C. A., and Asante, J. (2013). Cultural Practices and

Education in Ghana: The Effects of Traditional Culture on Parental Involvement in Education. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(7), 110-121.

Eisenberg, N., and Wolchik. S. A. (1992). Parental values, reinforcement,

and young children’s prosocial behavior: A longitudinal study. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 153(1), 19-36.

Epstein, J. L., & Sanders, M. G. (2002). Family, school, and community

partnerships. Handbook of parenting: Vol. 5. Practical issues in

parenting, 407-437.

Epstein, J. L., Sanders, M. G., Simon, B. S., Salinas, K. C., and Voorhis, F. L. (2012). School, Family, and community partnerships: Your Handbook for Action (2nd Ed.). California: Crown Press, Inc.

Fornell, C. and Larcker, D. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.

Ghana Education Service (2019, March 2). Ghana Education Service Act,

(Act 506). Retrieved from https://bcp.gov.gh/acc/registry/docs/GHANA%20EDUCATION%2020SERVICE%20ACT,%201995%20(ACT%20506).pdf

Ghana Statistical Service (2019, February 20). Ghana Living Standard

Survey Round 6 (GLSS6), Main Report. Retrieved from https://

statsghana.gov.gh/gssmain/fileUpload/Living%20 conditions/

GLSS6_Main%20Report.pdf

Ghana Statistical Service (2019, February 20). 2015 Labour Force report

Retrieved from http://www2.statsghana.gov.gh/docfiles/ publications/Labour_Force/LFS%20REPORT_fianl_21-3-17.pdf

Green, C. L., Walker, J. M. T., Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., and Sandler, H. M. (2007). Parents’ motivation for involvement in children’s education: An empirical test of a theoretical model of parental involvement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(3), 532-544.

Gyamfi, K., and Pobbi, M. A. (2016). Parental Monitoring and Child Performance in Ghana, Journal of Education and Practice. 7 (21), 33-41.

Gyamfi, K., and Pobbi, M. A. (2018). Effect of Parental Discussion on Child Performance: A Structural Equation Approach. Journal of Education and Practice, 9(23), 120-130.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., and Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis. New Jersey, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., Sarstedt, M. (2012). Using partial least squares path modeling in international advertising research: Basic concepts and recent issues. In S. Okazaki (Ed.), Handbook of research in international advertising (pp. 252–276). Cheltenham: Edward

Elgar.

Jeynes, W. H. (2007). The Relationship between Parental Involvement

and Urban Secondary School Student Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Urban Education, 42 (1), 82-110.

Jeynes, W. (2011). Parental Involvement and academic success. New

York: Routledge.

Miksic, M. Y. (2015). Parent Involvement: Theory, Practice, and Head

Start. The Role of Social Capital, Spring.

Mungai, D. N. (2015). Relative Contribution of Different Levels of

Parental Involvement to Primary School Readiness in Preschool

Pupils in Nairobi County. Journal of Education and Practice.

,(29), 74-80.

Nyarko, K. (2011). Parental school involvement: The case of Ghana. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 2(5), 378-381.

Perry, A., and Langley, C. (2013). Even with the best of intentions:

Paternal involvement and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Family Process, 52(2), 179-192.

Patrikakou, E. N., Weissberg, K.P., Redding S., and Wahlberg, H. J.

(Eds.) (2000), School-family partnership for children’s success,

-56. New York, Teachers college press.

Plevyak, L. H. (2003). Parent involvement in education: Who decides? Education Digest, 69 (2), 32-39.

Pobbi, M. A. (2020). Parental motivations and involvement: A developing country perspective. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(1), DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3710455

Pryor, J., & Ampiah, J. G. (2003). Understandings of education in an African village: the impact of information and communication technologies (ethnographic study). Department for International Development.

Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., and Becker, J.-M. (2014). SmartPLS 3.0.

Hamburg: SmartPLS. Retrieved from http://www.smartpls.com

Strickland, S. C. (2015). The Effects of Parental Motivations on Home-

Based and School Based Parental Involvement. (Doctoral Thesis), Walden University

Uemura, M. (1999). Community participation in education: What do you

know? British: World Bank.

Vanderpuye, I. (2013). Piloting Inclusive Education in Ghana: Parental Perceptions, Expectations and Involvement. (Doctor of Philosophy), University of Leeds.

Wold, H. O. A. (1982). Soft modelling: The basic design and some extensions. In K. G. Jo¨reskog, and H. O. A. Wold (Eds.), Systems under indirect observation. Causality, structure, prediction: Part II (pp. 1–54). Amsterdam: North-Holland.