Elite universities at the top of university rankings

Main Article Content

Mohamed Amine M'BARKI


International university rankings are attracting growing interest among public opinion, universities and nations, which is evident in a global knowledge economy, improving the competitiveness and reputation of universities becomes an end in itself. Their public nature draws attention to concerns for excellence in higher education and seems to produce a spirit of competitiveness among universities and encourages them to perform better. The university charts show more and more the supremacy of the elite universities which are always at the top and which maintain their reputation. This article focuses on the predominant global characteristics that determine the quality and competitiveness of elite universities and suggests some strategies that universities can adopt to improve their competitiveness by drawing on the different indicators selected by the different rankings of universities.

Article Details

How to Cite
EL HAJJAJI, S., & M’BARKI, M. A. (2015). Elite universities at the top of university rankings. The Journal of Quality in Education, 5(6), 10. https://doi.org/10.37870/joqie.v5i6.34


Altbach P. G, 2003, “The Costs and Benefits of World-Class Universities”, International Higher Education, 33.

Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning (CRELL), European Communities, Luxembourg.

Dill D.D. et Soo M., 2005, “Academic Quality, League Tables and Public Policy: A Cross-National Analysis of University Ranking Systems”, Higher Education, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 495–537.

Economist, 2005, “Secrets of Success.”, Economist 376 (8443, September 8), http://www.economist.com/node/4339944, (consulté le 9 Septembre 2014).

Harrizi D., 2010, “Le classement international des universités et la gouvernance universitaire : Mythe ou réalité ? L’exemple du Maroc”, International Journal of Research in Education Methodology, vol 5, No 2, http://ijrem.com/ojs/index.php/ijrem/article/view/139N/pdf_49, (consulté le 9 septembre 2014).

Hazelkorn E., 2008, “Learning to live with league tables and ranking: the experience of institutional leaders”, Higher Education Policy, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 193-215.

Hazelkorn E., 2013, “World-Class Universities or World Class Systems?: Rankings and Higher Education Policy Choices” Hazelkorn E., Wells P., et M. Marope (eds), “Rankings and Accountability in Higher Education: Uses and Misuses”, UNESCO, Paris, Forthcoming.

Khoon K. A., R. Shukor, O. Hassan, Z. Saleh, A. Hamzah, and R. Ismail, 2005, “Hallmark of a World-Class University.”, College Student Journal (December).

Myers L. et Robe J., 2009, Report from the Center for College Affordability and Productivity : www.centerforcollegeaffordability.org/uploads/College_Rankings_History.pdf, (consulté le 13 Septembre 2014).

Niland J., 2007, “The Challenge of Building World-Class Universities.” In The World Class University and Ranking: Aiming Beyond Status, ed. J. Sadlak and N. C. Liu, Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.

Rauhvargers A., 2011, “Global University Rankings and Their Impact”, Brussels, European University Association.

Sadlak J. et Liu N.C., 2007, “The World-Class University and Ranking: Aiming Beyond Status Bucharest”, Cluj University Press.

Saisana M. et B. D’Hombres, 2008, “Higher Education Rankings: Robustness Issues and Critical Assessment. How Much Confidence Can We Have in Higher Education Rankings?”,

Salmi J., 2009, “The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities”, Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Usher A. et Medow J., 2009, “A Global Survey of University Rankings and League Tables”, B.M. Kehm; Stensaker, B. (Eds.) University Rankings, Diversity, and the New Landscape of Higher Education, Rotterdam, Sense Publishers. pp3-18.

Usher A.et Savino M., 2006, “A World of Difference: A Global Survey of University League Tables”, Educational Policy Institute, Toronto, http://www.educationalpolicy.org/pdf/world-of-difference-200602162.pdf, (consulté le 9 Septembre 2014).

Williams R., et N. Van Dyke, 2007, “Measuring the International Standing of Universities with an Application to Australian Universities.”, Higher Education, 53 (6 Juin) 819–841.

Most read articles by the same author(s)